Anna Tous-Rovirosa e-mail(Login required) , Koldobica Meso-Ayerdi e-mail(Login required) , Nuria Simelio-Sola e-mail(Login required)

Main Article Content


Anna Tous-Rovirosa e-mail(Login required)
Koldobica Meso-Ayerdi e-mail(Login required)
Nuria Simelio-Sola e-mail(Login required)


The comparison of six Spanish television dramas has enabled us to
analyse the role of women in these fictional products. In the series analysed there is a persistence of males playing the leading roles, as well as a reiteration of female stereotypes. In the case of the Catalan television dramas on TVC (El cor de la ciutat, Ventdelplà and Infidels) a more positive treatment of femininity could be observed in the series dealing with social customs. In the Basque productions on EITB (Goenkale, Martin and Mi querido Klikowsky) there is a perpetuation of the cliché of the Basque woman as being strong and capable of managing her home and family, as well as of her feelings.


Television series, gender, social representation, fiction


ADAMS-PRICE, Carolyn, GOODMAN, Mark, et al., “An Analysis of Aging Women in Film and Television”, 2003,, accessed 8 July 2011.

ANG, Ien, Watching Dallas. Soap opera and the melodramatic imagination, Routledge, London, 1996.

BANDURA, Albert, “Social learning theory of aggression”, Journal of Communication, nº 28, 1978, pp. 12-29.

BRYANT, Jennings, ZILLMANN, Dolf (eds.), Media Effects. Advances in Theory and Research, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, NJ, 2002.

BUSQUETS, Gemma, ARTIGAS, Lourdes, “TV3 substituirà «El cor de la ciutat» al gener per un serial ambientat a la costa”, El Punt, 12/03/2009,, accessed, 8 July 2011.

COHEN, Jacob, "A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales", Educational and Psychological Measurement, 20 (1), 1960, pp. 37-46.

DAVIS, Donald M., “Portrayals of Women in Prime-Time Network Television: Some Demographic Characteristics”, Sex Roles, vol. 23, nº 5-6, 1990, pp. 325-332.

DRIVER, Susan, Queer girls and popular culture: reading, resisting, and creating media, Peter Lang, New York, 2007.

DURKIN, K., “Television and sex-role acquisition”. The British journal of Social Psychology, 24 (2), 1985, pp. 101-113.

EATON, Carol, “Prime-time stereotyping on the new television networks”, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, nº 74, 1997, pp. 859-872.

FARIA, Vilmar, POTTER, Joseph E., Television, Telenovelas, and Fertility Change in NorthEast Brazil, Population Research Center, University of Texas, Austin, 1994.

FOUTS, Gregory, BURGGRAF, Kimberley, “Television Situation Comedies: Female Body Images and Verbal Reinforcements”, Sex Roles, vol. 40, nº 5-6, 1999, pp. 473-481.

GALÁN, Elena, “Construcción de género y ficción televisiva en España”, Comunicar XV (28), 2007, pp. 229-236.

GALLAGHER, Margaret, Unequal Opportunities: The Case of Women and the Media, Unesco, Paris, 1980.

GARCÍA-MUÑOZ, Nuria; FEDELE, Maddalena, GÓMEZ-DÍAZ, Xiana, “The occupational roles of television fiction characters in Spain: distinguishing traits in gender representation” Comunicación y Sociedad, vol. XXV, nº. 1, 2012, pp. 349-366.

GERAGHTY, Christine, Women and Soap Opera: A Study of Prime Time Soaps. Polity Press, Cambridge, 1991.

GERBNER, Goerge, SIGNORIELLI Nancy, Women and Minorities in Television Drama, 1969-1978, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1979.

GORDILLO, Inmaculada, GUARINOS, Virginia (eds.), Todos los cuerpos. El cuerpo en televisión como obsesión hipermoderna, Babel Editorial, Córdoba (Argentina), 2010.

GREENBERG, Bradley S., BUSSELLE, Rick W, Soap operas and sexual activity, Michigan State University, Michigan, 1994.

HERRETT-SKJELLUM, J., ALLEN, M., “Television programming and sex stereotyping: A meta-analysis”, Communication Yearbook, nº 19, 1996, pp.157-185.

HOFFNER, Cynthia, BUCHANAN, Martha, “Young Adults' Wishful Identification With Television Characters: The Role of Perceived Similarity and Character Attributes”, Media Pshycology, vol. 7, nº 4, 2005, pp. 325-351.

HOWARD-WILLIAMS, Rowan, KATZ, Elihu, “Did Television Empower Women? The Introduction of television and the changing status of women in the 1950s”, Journal of Popular Television, vol. 1, nº 1, 2013, pp. 7-24.

IDESCAT, “Població. 1900-2012. Províncies, Padró Municipal d’Habitants”, in, accessed 6 March 2013.

INGHAM, Helen, “The Portrayal of Women on Television”, in, 2007, accessed, 8 February, 2012.

INSTITUTO DE LA MUJER, Tratamiento y representación de las mujeres en las teleseries emitidas por las cadenas de televisión de ámbito nacional, Instituto de la Mujer, Madrid, 2007.

JOHNSON, Merri Lisa, Third Wave Feminism and Television: Jane Puts it in a Box, IB Tauris, New York, 2007.

LACALLE, Charo, “Èxits i fracassos. Anàlisi de cas: Temps de silenci i Cuéntame cómo pasó”, Quaderns del CAC, 2002, pp. 37-49.

LA FERRARA, Eliana, CHONG, Alberto, DURYEA, Suzanne, Soap Operas and Fertility: Evidence from Brazil, Bread Working Paper nº 172, Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development, London, 2008.

LAUZEN, Martha, DOZIER David, M.; REYES Barbara, “From Adultescents to Zoomers: An Examination of Age and Gender in Prime-Time Television”, Communication Quarterly, vol. 55, nº 3, 2007, pp. 343-357.

MARTÍN-BARBERO, Jesús, De los medios a las mediaciones, Gustavo Gili, México, 1987.

MARTINS, Aline, A família homoparental na fillaô televisiva: as prácticas narrativas do Brasil e da Espanha como relatos das novas representaçoês afetivo amorosas, UAB PhD dissertation, Bellaterra, 2012.

MASTRO, Dana E., GREENBERG, Bradley S., “Portrayals of racial minorities on prime time television”, Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 44, 2000, pp. 690-703.

MEDINA, Pilar, et al., “La representación de la maternidad en las series de ficción norteamericanas. Propuesta para un análisis de contenido, Desperate Housewives y Brothers & Sisters”, 2010, retrieved from:, on 25 January 2012.

RIVADENEYRA, Rocío, “Gender and Race Portrayals on Spanish-Language Television”, Sex Roles, 65, 2011, pp. 208-222.

RUIDO, María, “Just do it! Bodies and Images of Women in the New Division of Labour”, 2007, retrieved from, on 10 March 2012.

SCOTT, Amanda Marie Irene, The roles of women in television situation comedies: a pilot study, Thesis presented to the Faculty in Communication and Leadership Studies School of Professional Studies Gonzaga University, 2011,, accessed, 8 February, 2012.

SIGNORIELLI, Nancy, BACUE, Aaron, “Recognition and Respect: A Content Analysis of Prime-Time Television Characters Across Three Decades”, Sex Roles, vol. 40, nº 7-8, 1999, pp. 527-544.

TIGGEMANN, M., PICKERING, A. S., “Role of television in adolescent women's body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness”, The International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 20, nº 2, 1996, pp. 199-203.

TIMMINS, Kate, “The TV female Paradox” 2011, retrieved from, on 15 March 2012).

TOUS ROVIROSA, Anna, “Los rostros de la mujer en la televisión de los Estados Unidos.

Tradición, feminismo y postfeminismo en las series estadounidenses (1950-2010)”, in LARRONDO, Ainara and MESO, Koldo, 3ª Jornadas sobre mujeres y medios de comunicación, Servicio editorial de la Universidad del País Vasco, Bilbao, 2011, pp. 187-202.

TOUS ROVIROSA, Anna, El text audiovisual. Anàlisi des d’una perspectiva mediológica, Doctoral thesis, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, 2008ª, retrieved on 7 July from:

TOUS ROVIROSA, Anna, “Usos i actituds juvenils davant les noves finestres audiovisuals”, Alfabetització audiovisual, 2008b,, accessed 7 July 2011.

WEITZ, Rose, "Changing the Scripts: Midlife Women’s Sexuality in Contemporary U.S. Film." Sexuality & Culture, vol. 14, nº 1, 2009, pp. 17-32.

VILCHES, Lorenzo (coord.), Mercados globales, historias nacionales, Gedisa, Barcelona, 2009.

WEINRAUB, B., “How Desperate Women Saved Desperate Writer”, The New York Times, 23- 10-2004.


Search GoogleScholar


Article Details