Alberto Pena-Rodríguez e-mail(Login required)

Main Article Content


Alberto Pena-Rodríguez e-mail(Login required)


This work is an approximation to the beginnings of Portuguese radio in the United States, a phenomenon associated with the Lusophone immigrant community scattered throughout the United States. Starting from the hypothesis that radio was an innovative communication instrument that could have altered the perception of the reality of the Portuguese diaspora in a delocalised and transmediatic context, the object of the study focuses on describing and analysing some of the relevant aspects of the beginnings of this sound medium within the Portuguese community in North America in the 1930s, when the Portuguese began to produce their own programmes. As the use of radio as a means of communication became more popular, several Portuguese-language radio stations called “Portuguese hours” appeared, which were housed in local radio stations in population centres with a significant presence of Portuguese, especially in New England and California. Some Portuguese journalists took up the challenge of devoting themselves to radio journalism with great success, while others interpreted the enormous interest aroused by radio programmes among immigrants as a threat to the advertising income of the press. Through the use of dispersed documentary and newspaper sources and the use of qualitative techniques of content analysis, the main objective of this research is to explain the characteristics of the first Portuguese-language radio programs in the United States, how the immigrant press reacted to their potential threat as a competing medium, and who were their pioneers.


Ayala Pérez, T. (2012). Marshall McLuhan, las redes sociales y la aldea global. Educación y Tecnología, 2, 8-20.

Avendaño, F. (1982). Portuguese Immigration into the United States. In D. L. Cuddy (Ed.), Contemporary American Immigration. Interpretative Essays (European) (pp. 155-72). Boston: Twayne Publishers.

Ávila, A. V. (1961). Desafio Radiofónico. Oakland (CA): Oficinas Gráficas Ramos.

Ávila, A. V. (1961). Rimas de Um Imigrante. Oakland (CA): Oficinas Gráficas Ramos.

Ávila, A. V. [s.f.]. Écos do Ar. Desafios pelo Rádio entre Arthur Ávila e Manuel Carvalho. Oakland (CA): Latin-American Broadcasting Co.

Baganha, M. I. (2009). The Lusophone Migratory System: Patterns and Trends. International Migration, 47(3), 5-20.

Barknow, E. (1966). A Tower in Babel. A History of Broadcasting in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press.

Barrow, C. W. (Ed.) (2002). Portuguese Americans and Contemporary Civil Culture in Massachusetts. North Dartmouth: Tagus Press, Center for Portuguese Studies and Culture-University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.

Bertão, D. (2006). The Portuguese Shore Whalers of California, 1854-1904. San Jose (CA): Portuguese Heritage Publications of California.

Blanchard, M. A. (Ed.) (1998). History of the Mass Media in the United States. An Encyclopedia. Chicago-London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.

Cairo, H. (2006). Portugal is not a Small Country: Maps and Propaganda in the Salazar, Regime. Geopolitics, 11(3), 367-395.

Cardozo, M. S. (1974). The Portuguese in America, 590 b. C.-1974: a chronology & fact book. Dobbs Ferry (NY): Oceana Publications.

Carvalho, Eduardo de (1931). Os Portugueses na Nova Inglaterra. Rio de Janeiro: A Leitura Colonial.

Douglas, S. J. (2003). Inventing American broadcasting, 1899-1922. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Gomery, D. (2008). A history of broadcasting in the United States. Maiden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Hilmes, M. (1997). Radio voices. American Broadcasting, 1922-1952. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Holton, K. D. & Klimt, A. (Eds.) (2009). Community, Culture and the Makings of Identity. Portuguese-Americans along Eastern Seabord. North Dartmouth: Tagus Press, Center for Portuguese Studies and Culture-University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.

Maia, M. (1995). Telefonia. Lisboa: Círculo de Leitores.

Mayone Dias, E. (2009). The Portuguese Presence in California. San Jose (CA): Portuguese Heritage Publications.

McDonald, J. (2007). American Ethnic History. Themes and Perspectives. New Brunswick (NJ): Rutgers University Press.

McLuhan, M. & Fiore, Q. (2009). El medio es el masaje. Un inventario de efectos. Barcelona: Paidós.

Mendonça, M. B. D. (2007). Da Madeira a New Bedford. Um capítulo ignorado da emigração portuguesa nos EUA. Funchal: Direcção Regional dos Assuntos Culturais.

Miller, S. M. (Ed.) (1987). The Ethnic Press in the United States. A Historical Analysis and Handbook. New York-West Port-Connecticut-London: Greenwood Press.

Pap, L. (1981). The Portuguese-Americans. Boston: Twayne Publishers-A Division of G. K. Hall & Co.

Pena-Rodríguez, A. (2019). News on the American dream. A history of Portuguese press in the United States. Dartmouth: Tagus Press (University of Massachusetts Press).

Pena-Rodríguez, A., Mesquita, M. & Vicente, P. (2015). Emigración e exilio nos Estados Unidos de América: experiencias de Galicia e Azores. Santiago de Compostela: Consello da Cultura Galega/Fundação Luso-Americana.

Pina, L. C. (1945). Dever de Portugal para com as Comunidades Lusíadas da América do Norte. Com uma carta-prefácio de sua Eminência o Senhor Cardeal Patriarca de Lisboa. Lisboa, Atelieres Gráficos Bertrand (Irmãos).

Ribeiro, N. (2005). A Emissora Nacional nos Primeiros Anos do Estado Novo, 1933-1945. Lisboa: Quimera Editores.

Santos, R. (2005). As Vozes da Radio. Lisbon: Editorial Caminho.

Santos, R. (1992). História das Telecomunicações em Portugal, 1877-1990. Lisboa: Edição: T.L.P.

Sterling, C. H. & Kittross, J. M. (2002). Stay tuned. A history of American broadcasting. Mahwah (NJ): Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 3rd edition.

Rhodes, L. D. (2010). The Ethnic Press. Shaping the American Dream. New York-Washington-Oxford: Peter Lang.

Taft, D. R. (1969). Two Portuguese Communities in New England. New York: Columbia University.

Torgal, L. R. (2009). Estados Novos, Estado Novo. Coimbra: Coimbra University Press.

Vicente, A. L. (1998). Os Portugueses nos Estados Unidos de América. Política de Comunidades e Comunidade Política. Lisbon: Fundação Luso-Americana.

Warrin, D. (2010). So Ends This Day. The Portuguese in American Whaling, 1765-1927. North Dartmouth: Tagus Press, Center for Portuguese Studies & Culture, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.

Williams, J. (2007). In Pursuit of Their Dreams. A History of Azorean Immigration to the United States. North Dartmouth: Tagus Press, Center for Portuguese Studies and Culture-University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.


Search GoogleScholar


Article Details

Author Biography

Alberto Pena-Rodríguez, Campus de A Xunqueira s/n

36005 Pontevedra