Mónica Chinchilla-Adell e-mail(Inicie sesión)

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Mónica Chinchilla-Adell e-mail(Inicie sesión)

Resumen

66

Las nuevas amenazas del siglo XXI, entre las que se encuentran los actores no estatales, el nuevo terrorismo y las armas de destrucción masiva, acentúan la necesidad de una cooperación colectiva efectiva. En este contexto, los mecanismos convencionales vigentes para el control de las exportaciones de armamento biológico y químico no parecen ser suficientes. Es preciso entonces considerar el papel del soft law en esta materia, en particular, cómo ciertos foros informales, como el Grupo Australia, el MTCR y el Arreglo de Wassenaar, junto con la Iniciativa de Seguridad contra la Proliferación, contribuyen a un control efectivo sobre bienes estratégicos de doble uso civil y militar.

Palabras clave

No proliferación, armamento biológico, armamento químico, Resolución 1540 (2004), control de exportaciones, foros informales

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