Alejandro León-Cristóbal e-mail(Inicie sesión)

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Alejandro León-Cristóbal e-mail(Inicie sesión)

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77

Las enfermedades infecciosas tuvieron una gran presencia durante la Prehistoria, como revela en ocasiones el registro arqueológico. La mayoría de procesos infecciosos no dejan huella en el aparato óseo, pero las excepciones que sí lo hacen permiten conocer más acerca de una de las principales causas de muerte en la antigüedad. Tradicionalmente se ha considerado que muchas de las enfermedades actuales tuvieron su origen a raíz del Neolítico, sin embargo, diversas evidencias demuestran que algunas de estas son tan antiguas como la propia evolución humana. Parece evidente que, por un lado, con la adopción de la agricultura y de la ganadería, las poblaciones humanas crecieron exponencialmente en número, posibilitando una mayor transmisión de virus, bacterias y parásitos; y, por otro, adquirieron microorganismos nuevos procedentes del ganado tras la llamada revolución de los productos secundarios. Este sería el origen de algunas enfermedades potencialmente peligrosas para el ser humano.

Palabras clave

Enfermedades infecciosas, Prehistoria, Neolítico, Microorganismos, Productos secundarios

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