Main Article Content
Addicott, R. (2018). Are young dreams being dashed? The Journalist, May-June, 14-15.
Arendt, H. (1958). The human condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Arnett, R. C. (2017). Communication ethics literacy: dialogue and difference. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.
Arnett, R. C. & Cooren, F. (Eds.) (2018). Dialogic ethics. John Benjamins (ebook).
Bardhan, N. & Weaver, C. K. (2011). Public Relations in Global Cultural Contexts: multiparadigmatic perspectives. New York / London: Routledge.
Bentele, G. & Nothhaft, H. (2010). Strategic Communication and the Public Sphere from a European Perspective. International journal of strategic communication, 4(2), 93-116.
Boorstin, D. J. (2012). The image: a guide to pseudo-events in America. New York: Harper Colophon Books.
Botan, C. H. & Hazleton, V. (2006). Public relations theory II. Mahwah, NJ / London: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Bowen, S. A. (2007). The extent of ethics. In E. L. Toth (Ed.), The future of excellence in public relations and communication management (pp. 275-297). Mahweh, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Bowen, S. A. (2010). The nature of good in public relations: what should be its normative ethic? In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The SAGE Handbook of Public Relations (pp. 569-583). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE publications.
Breit, R. & Demetrious, K. (2010). Professionalisation and Public relations: An ethical mismatch. Ethical Space, 7(4), 20-29.
Cronin, A. M. (2018). Public relations capitalism: promotional culture, publics and commercial democracy. S.l.: Palgrave Macmillan.
Curtin, P. A. & Boynton, L. A. (2001). Ethics in public relations: theory and practice. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), Hanbook of public relations (pp. 411-422). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Curtin, P. A. & Gaither, T. K. (2007). International Public Relations: Negotiating Culture, Identity and Power. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Cutlip, S. M. (1994). The unseen power : public relations, a history. Hillsdalen NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Davies, P. W. F. (1997). Current issues in business ethics. London: Routledge.
Davis, A. (2013). Promotional cultures : the rise and spread of advertising, public relations, marketing and branding. Cambridge; Malden: Polity.
Day, K. D., Dong, Q. & Robins, C. (2001). Public Relations Ethics: An overview and Discussion of Issues for the 21st Century. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The handbook of public relations (pp. 403-410). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Daymon, C. & Demetrious, K. (2016). Gender and public relations: critical perspectives on voice, image and identity. London: Routledge.
Daymon, C. & Surma, A. (2012). The mutable identities of women in public relations. Public Relations Inquiry Public Relations Inquiry, 1(2), 177-196.
du Gay, P., Hall, S., Janes, L., Mackay, H. & Negus, K. (1997). Doing cultural studies: the story of the Sony Walkman. London: Sage.
Edgett, R. (2002). Toward an ethical framework for advocay. Journal of Public Relations Research, 14(1), 1-26.
Edwards, L. (2010). ‘Race’ in public relations. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The SAGE Handbook of Public Relations (pp. 205-222). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE publications.
Edwards, L. (2018). Understanding public relations : theory, culture and society. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Edwards, L. & Hodges, C. E. M. (2011). Public relations, society & culture : theoretical and empirical explorations (1st ed.). London: Routledge.
Ewen, S. (1996). PR! : a social history of spin. New York: BasicBooks.
Fairchild, C. (2007). Building the Authentic Celebrity: The Idol Phenomenon in the Attention Economy. Popular Music and Society, 30(3), 355-375.
Fawkes, J. (2007). Public relations models and persuasion ethics: a new approach. Journal of Communication Management, 11(4), 313-331.
Fawkes, J. (2012). Saints and sinners: Competing identities in public relations ethics. Public Relations Review, 38(5), 865-872. DOI: 10.1016/j.pubrev.2012.07.004.
Fawkes, J. (2015). Public relations ethics and professionalism : the shadow of excellence. London: Routledge.
Fawkes, J. (2016). Professional Ethics and the Polis: A Transcendent Function for our Times? Atlantic Journal of Communication, 24(1), 40-49.
Fawkes, J., Gregory, A., Falkheimer, J., Gutiérrez-García, E., Rensburg, R., Sadi, G. & Wolf, K. (2018). Global Capability Framework for the public relations and communication management profession. Retrieved from https://www.hud.ac.uk/media/assets/document/research/globalcapabilitiesinpublicrelationsandcommunicationmanagementgcpr/global-capability-framework-brochure.pdf.
Fitch, K. (2016). Professionalizing public relations : history, gender and education. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Fitch, K. (2017). Seeing the unseen hand: Celebrity, promotion and public relations. Public Relations Inquiry Public Relations Inquiry, 6(2), 157-169.
Fitzpatrick, K. (2006). Baselines for Ethical Advocacy in the ‘Marketplace of Ideas’. In K. Fitzpatrick & C. Bronstein (Eds.), Ethical Public Relations: Responsible Advocacy (pp. 1- 17). Thousands Oaks, CA: Sage.
Fitzpatrick, K. & Bronstein, C. (2006). Ethics in public relations : responsible advocacy. Thousand Oaks, CA ; London: Sage.
Greenslade, R. (2016). Survey finds that PRs outnumber journalists by large margin. The Guardian. Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/media/greenslade/2016/jun/10/ survey-finds-that-prs-outnumber-journalists-by-large-margin.
Grunig, J. E. (2001). Two-Way Symmetrical Public Relations: Past, Present and Future. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The handbook of public relations (pp. 11-30). Thousands Oaks, CA: Sage.
Grunig, J. E., Dozier, D. M., Ehling, W. P., Grunig, L. A., Repper, F. C. & White, J. (1992). Excellence in public relations and communication management. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Grunig, J. E., Grunig, L. A. & Toth, E. L. (2007). The future of excellence in public relations and communication management : challenges for the next generation. London: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Grunig, J. E. & Hunt, T. (1984). Managing public relations. New York / London: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Heath, R. L. (2001). A Rhetorical Enactment Rationale for Public Relations: The Good Organisation Communicating Well. In R. L. Heath & G. Vasquez (Eds.), Handbook of Public Relations (pp. 31-50). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Heath, R. L. (2007). Management through advocacy: reflection rather than domination. In J. E. Grunig, E. L. Toth & L. A. Grunig (Eds.), The future of excellence in public relations and communications management. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Heath, R. L. (2010). Mind, Self and Society. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of public relations (pp. 1-4). Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.
Herman, E. S. & Chomsky, N. (1988). Manufacturing consent : the political economy of the mass media. New York: Pantheon Books.
Holtzhausen, D. (2000). Postmodern values in public relations. Journal of Public Relations Research, 12(1), 251-264.
Holtzhausen, D. R. (2012). Public relations as activism : postmodern approaches to theory & practice. New York: Routledge.
Hon, L. C. & Grunig, J. E. (1999). Guidelines for measuring relationships in public relations (online). Retrieved from http://www.instituteforpr.com .
Hutton, J. G. (2010). Defining the relationshipo between public relations and marketing: public relations’most important challenge. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of public relations (pp. 509-522). Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.
Ihlen, Ø., Fredriksson, M. & Van Ruler, B. (2009). Public relations and social theory: key figures and concepts. New York / London: Routledge.
Jahansoozi, J. (2006). Relationships, Transparency and Evaluation: the Implications for Public Relations. In J. L’Etang & M. Pieczka (Eds.), Public Relations, Critical Debates and Contemporary Practice (pp. 61-91). Mahweh, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Jansen, S. C. (2016). Stealth Communications: The Spectacular Rise of Public Relations. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press Kent, M. L. & Taylor, M. (2002). Toward a dialogic theory of public relations. Public Relations Review, 14(28), 21-37.
L’Etang, J. (2003). The myth of the ‘ethical guardian’: an examination of its origins, potency and illusions. Journal of Communication Management, 8(1), 53-67.
L’Etang, J. (2004). Public relations in Britain : a history of professional practice in the twentieth century. Mahwah, NJ / London: Lawrence Erlbaum.
L’Etang, J. (2005). Critical public relations: some reflections. Public Relations Review, 31(4), 521-526.
L’Etang, J. (2006). Public Relations and Rhetoric. In J. L’Etang & M. Pieczka (Eds.), Public relations, critical debates and contemporary practice (pp. 359-372). Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
L’Etang, J., McKie, D., Snow, N. & Xifra, J. (2016). The Routledge handbook of critical public relations. London / New York: Routledge.
L’Etang, J. & Pieczka, M. (1996). Critical perspectives in public relations. London: International Thomson Business Press.
Ledingham, J. A. & Bruning, S. D. (2001). Public relations as relationship management: a relational approach to the study and practice of public relations (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ / London: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Leitch, S. & Nielson, D. (2001). Bringing Publics into Public Relations: New theoretical frameworks for practice. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The Handbook of public relations (pp. 127- 138). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Macnamara, J. (2016). Organizational listening: the missing essential in public communication. New York: Peter Lang.
Macnamara, J. R. (2012). Public relations: theories, practices, critiques (1st ed.). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Pearson Australia.
Marsh, C. (2010). Precepts of Reflective Public Relations: An Isocratean Model. Journal of Public Relations Research, 22(4), 359-377.
Marshall, P. D. (2014). Celebrity and power : fame in contemporary culture; with a new introduction. Minneapolis [u.a.]: University of Minnesota Press.
McKie, D. (2001). Updating public relations: ‘New science’ research paradigms and uneven developments. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The handbook of public relations (pp. 75-91). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
McKie, D. & Munshi, D. (2007). Reconfiguring public relations: ecology, equity, and enterprise. London: Routledge.
Miller, D. & Dinan, W. (2008). A century of spin: how public relations became the cutting edge of corporate power. London: Pluto.
Moloney, K. (2006). Rethinking public relations: PR propaganda and democracy (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.
Parkinson, M. (2001). The PRSA Code of Professional Standards and Member Code of Ethics: why they are neither professional nor ethical. Public Relations Quarterly, 46(3), 27-31.
Pfau, M. & Wan, H. (2006). Persuasion: an intrinsic function in public relations. In C. H. Botan & V. Hazleton (Eds.), Public relations theory II (pp. 101-136). Mahweh NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Pieczka, M. (2010). Public relations as dialogic expertise? Journal of Communication Management, 15(2), 108-124.
Pieczka, M. & L’Etang, J. (2001). Public relations and the question of professionalism. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The Handbook of Public Relations (pp. 223-235). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
PRCA. (2016). PR Census 2016 reveals that the PR industry is worth £12.9bn. Retrieved from http://news.prca.org.uk/pr-census-2016-reveals-that-the-pr-industry-is-worth129bn/.
Seib, P. M. & Fitzpatrick, K. (1995). Public relations ethics. Fort Worth, TX / London: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.
Stauber, J. C. & Rampton, S. (2004). Toxic sludge is good for you: lies, damn lies and the public relations industry. London: Robinson.
Taylor, M. (2010). Public Relations in the enactment of civil society. In R. L. Heath (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of public relations (pp. 5-15). Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.
Taylor, P. M. (2003). Munitions of the mind : a history of propaganda from the ancient world to the present era (3rd ed.). Manchester / New York: Manchester University Press / New York: Distributed exclusively in the USA by Palgrave.
Tench, R. & Fawkes, J. (2005). Mind the gap, exploring different attitudes to publicrelations education from employers, academics and alumni. Paper presented at the Alan Rawel/CIPR, Lincoln, UK.
Thurlow, A. (2009). “I Just Say I’m in Advertising’’: A Public Relations Identity Crisis. Canadian journal of communication, 34(2), 245-264.
Toth, E. L. & Heath, R. L. (1992). Rhetorical and critical approaches to public relations. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Valentini, C., Kruckeberg, D. & Starck, K. (2012). Public relations and community: A persistent covenant. Public Relations Review, 38(5), 873-879.
Waeraas, A. (2009). On Weber: legitimacy and legitimation in public relations. In O. Ihlen, B. van Ruler & Fredriksson (Eds.), Public relations and social theory (pp. 301-322). New York, NY / Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Watson, T. & Palgrave, M. (2015). Perspectives on public relations historiography and historical theorization : other voices. Basingstoke / New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Wernick, A. (1991). Promotional culture : advertising, ideology and symbolic expression: Sage Publications.
Willis, P. (2012). Engaging communities: Ostrom’s economic commons, social capital and public relations. PUBREL Public Relations Review, 38(1), 116-122.
By submitting the article for evaluation and subsequent publication in Communication & Society, the AUTHOR exclusively assigns the rights of public communication, reproduction, distribution and sale for commercial exploitation to the University of Navarra through its Publications Service, for the maximum legal term in force -the entire life of the author and seventy years after his death or declaration of death-, in any country, and in any of the current and future edition modalities, both in print and electronic versions.
In the event that the article is not accepted for publication , this transfer of rights lapses with the communication of the refusal to the AUTHOR.
The AUTHOR affirms that the article is unpublished, that it has not been sent simultaneously to another publication medium and that the rights have not been transferred exclusively previously. He is responsible to the University of Navarra through its Publications Service for the authorship and originality of his work, as well as for all pecuniary charges that may arise for the University of Navarra through its Publications Service, in favor of third parties due to actions, claims or conflicts arising from the breach of obligations by the AUTHOR.