Lucrezia Crescenzi e-mail(Login required) , Núria Araüna e-mail(Login required) , Iolanda Tortajada e-mail(Login required)

Main Article Content


Lucrezia Crescenzi e-mail(Login required)
Núria Araüna e-mail(Login required)
Iolanda Tortajada e-mail(Login required)


This paper presents the results of a research study that analyzes the quantitative content of 355 entries on the social network Fotolog to determine the type of information shared by adolescents on the Web 2.0. The variables considered are related to intensity of use of the platform, the personal information disclosed, and the representational strategies used. The study concludes that Spanish adolescents strategically manage personal information and privacy. Adolescents sacrifice part of their privacy in exchange for the popularity and prestige they obtain as a result of being recognized by others in their idealized identity of themselves that they present.


Social networking sites, privacy, identity, adolescence, gender.


BOYD, Danah, “Why Youth (Heart) Social Network Sites: The Role of Networked Publics in Teenage Social Life”, BUCKINGHAM, David (ed.), MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Learning – Youth, Identity, and Digital Media Volume, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2007, pp. 119-142.

DYER, Richard, “Don’t look now”, Screen, vol. 23, nº 3/4, September 1982, pp. 61-73.

FUNDACIÓN PFIZER, La juventud y las redes sociales en Internet, Fundación Pfizer, Madrid, 2009.

GARCÍA GÓMEZ, Antonio, “Disembodiment and Cyberspace: Gendered Discourses in Female Adolescents’ Personal Information Disclosure”, Discourse and Society, vol. 2, nº 21, March 2010, pp. 131-165.

GOFFMAN, Erving, Gender Advertisements, Harper and Row, New York, 1979.

HINDUJA, Sameer, PATCHIN, Justin W, “Personal Information of Adolescents on the Internet. A Quantitative Content Analysis of MySpace”, Journal of Adolescence, vol. 31, nº 1, February 2008, pp. 125-146.

HUFFAKER, David A., CALVERT, Sandra L. “Gender, identity, and language use in teenage blogs”, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, vol. 2, nº 10, 2005,

LANDIS, J. Richard, KOCH, Gary G., “The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data”, Biometrics, vol. 33, nº 1, March 1997, pp. 159-174.

LIVINGSTONE, Sonia, BRAKE, David R., “On the rapid rise of social networking sites: new findings and policy implications”, Children & Society, vol. 24, nº 1, January 2010, pp. 75-83.

LIVINGSTONE, Sonia, “Las redes sociales online, una oportunidad con riesgo para los adolescentes”, in GRANÉ, Mariona, WILLEM, Cilia (eds.), Web 2.0: Nuevas formas de aprender y participar, Laertes, Barcelona, 2009, pp. 87-106.

MANAGO, Adriana M., GRAHAM, Michael B. et al, “Selfpresentation and gender on MySpace”, Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, vol. 6, nº 29, November-December 2008, pp.446-58.

PATCHIN, Justin W., HINDUJA, Sameer, “Trends in online social networking: adolescent use of MySpace over time”, New Media & Society, vol. 12, nº 2, March 2010, pp. 197-216.

PIERCE, Tamyra A., “X-posed on MySpace: A Content Analysis of 'MySpace' Social Networking Sites”, Journal of Media Psychology, vol. 12, nº 1, February 2007.

RINGROSE, Jessica, ERIKSSON, Katarina, “Gendered risks and opportunities? Exploring teen girls’ digitized sexual identities in postfeminist media contexts”, International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics, vol. 7, nº 2, August 2011, pp. 121-138.

SÁNCHEZ, Adolfo, FERNÁNDEZ M. Poveda, “Generación 2.0, 2010. Hábitos de los adolescentes en el uso de las redes sociales”.

SÁNCHEZ-NAVARRO, Jordi, ARANDA, Daniel, “Internet como fuente de información para la vida cotidiana de los jóvenes españoles”, El profesional de la información, vol. 20, nº 1, January-February 2011, pp.32-37.

SEVICK BORTREE, Denise, “Presentation of Self on the Web: an ethnographic study of teenage girls’ weblogs”, Education, Communication and Information, vol. 1, nº 5, March 2005, pp. 25-39.

STERN, Susannah R., “Expressions of Identity Online: Prominent Features and Gender Differences in Adolescents' World Wide Web Home Pages”, Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, vol. 48, nº 2, 2004, pp. 218-243.

STERN, Susannah R., “Sexual Selves on the World Wide Web: Adolescent Girls’ Home Pages as Sides for Sexual Self-Expression”, in Jane D. BROWN, Jeanne R. Steele et al. (eds.), Sexual Teens, Sexual Media.Investigating Media’s Influence on Adolescent Sexuality, Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah NJ, 2002, pp. 265-285.

SVENINGSSON, Malin, “Young People's Gender and Identity Work in a Swedish Internet Community”, in FISCHER-HÜBNER, Simone, DUQUENOY, Penny et al (eds.), The Future of Identity in the Information Society. Springer, New York, 2008, pp. 113-128.

SUBRAHMANYAM, Kaveri, REICH, Stephanie M. et al., “Online and offline social networks: Use of social networking sites by emerging adults”, Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, vol. 29, nº 6, November-December 2008, pp. 420-433.

THELWALL, Mike, “Social Networks, Gender and Friending: An Analysis of MySpace Member Profiles”, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, vol. 59, nº 8, June 2008, pp. 1321-1330.

TORTAJADA, Iolanda, WILLEM, Cilia et al, “Fotologs and Love Socialisation processes. A conventional or a transformative model of sexuality and relationships?”, in WALRAVE, Michael, HEIRMAN, Michel et al. (eds.), eYouth: Balancing between opportunities and risks, Peter Lang; Brussels, 2012, pp. 215-232.

VALKENBURG, Patti M., SCHOUTEN, Alexander P. et al., “Adolescents’ identity experiments on the internet”, New Media & Society, vol. 7, nº 3, June 2005, pp. 383-402.

VALKENBURG, Patti M., PETER, Jochen, “The Effects of Instant Messaging on the Quality of Adolescents’ Existing Friendships: A Longitudinal Study”, Journal of Communication, vol. 59, nº 1, March 2009, pp. 79-97.

VAN DOORN, Niels, VAN ZOONEN, Liesbet et al., “Writing from Experience: Presentations of Gender Identity on Weblogs”, European Journal of Women's Studies, vol. 14, nº 2, May 2007, pp. 143-159.

WILLEM, Cilia, ARAÜNA, Núria, CRESCENZI, Lucrezia, TORTAJADA, Iolanda, “Girls on Fotolog: Reproduction of Gender Stereotypes or Identity Play?”, Interactions: Studies in Communication & Culture, vol. 2, nº 3, 2012, pp. 225-242.

YOUNG, Kirsty, “Online Social Networking: An Australian Perspective”, International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society, vol. 7, nº 1, 2009, pp. 39-57.

ZHAO, Shanyang, GRASMUCK, Sherri, MARTIN, Jason, “Identity construction on Facebook: Digital empowerment in anchored relationships”, Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 24, nº 5, September 2008, pp. 1816-1836.


Search GoogleScholar


Article Details