Teresa Ojer-Goñi e-mail(Login required)

Main Article Content


Teresa Ojer-Goñi e-mail(Login required)


In this article, the BBC’s funding resources are studied. A relevant analysis because of the digital television challenge which will allow –among other several things– a wide range of channels. The survival and types of contents of public corporations will mainly depend on their financial systems. For that reason, it is important to know the financial model of the one of the public corporation more successful in the world. Firstly, the advantages and disadvantages of the three economic resources of the BBC will be analyzed: licence-fee, commercial activities and grant-in-aids. Later, other funding resources not related to the BBC will be taken into consideration, as advertising and subscription. Finally, the BBC’s funding system will be assessed.


BBC, Public television, Funding system, Licence-fee, Commercial activities, Grant-in-aid


AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS, “Radio Times. Summary Report”, http://www.abc.org.uk/cgi-bin/gen5?runprog=nav/abc&noc=y, 2007, visitado 25-4-2007.

BARNETT, Steven (ed.), Funding the BBC’s Future, BFI, London, 1993.

BARNETT, Steven y otros, E-Britannia: the communications revolution, University of Luton Press, Luton, 2000.

BARNETT, Steven y CURRY, Andrew, The battle for the BBC. A British Conspirancy?, Aurum Press, London, 1994.

BBC, BBC Annual Report and Accounts, BBC, London, 1927-2008.

BBC, BBC Handbook, BBC, London, 1966.

BBC, BBC Handbook, BBC, London, 1986.

BBC, BBC Handbook, BBC, London, 1987.

BBC, Extending Choice. The BBC’s role in the new broadcasting age, BBC, London, 1992.

BBC, “Building Public Value: renewing the BBC for a digital world”, http://news.bbc.co.uk/thefuture/pdfs/bbc_bpv.pdf, 2004, visitado 29-6-2004.

BBC, “The BBC’s Fair Trading Guidelines”, http://www.bbc.co.uk/info/policies/commercial_guides/pdf/fairtrading_guidelines1106.pdf, 2006, visitado 24-4-2007.

BBC NEWS, “World Service confirms Arabic TV”, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4374130.stm, 2005, visitado 25-10-2005.

BBC WORLD SERVICE, “Annual Review 2003-2004”, http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/us/annual_review/2003/index.shtml, 2004, visitado 25-4-2007.

BBC WORLDWIDE, “BBC Worldwide Annual Report 2007-2008”, http://www.bbcworldwide.com/annualreviews/review2008/documents/BBC_WORLDWIDE_AR_2007-08.pdf, 2007, visitado 10-10-2008.

BIGNELL, Jonathan, LACEY, Stephen y MACMURRAUGH-KAVANAGH, Madelaine (eds.), British Television Drama. Past, Present and Future, Palgrave, New York, 2000.

BLUMLER, Jay G. y NOSSITER, T.J. (eds.), Broadcasting Finance in Transition: a comparative handbook, Oxford University Press, New York, 1991.

BORN, Georgina y PROSSER, Tony, “Culture and Consumerism: Citizenship, Public Service Broadcasting and the BBC’s Fair Trading Obligations”, The Modern Law Review, vol. 64, nº 5, 2001, pp. 657-687.

BROWN, Alan, “Economics, Public Service Broadcasting, and Social Values”, Journal of Media Economics, vol. 9, nº 1, 1996, pp. 3-15.

CAVE, Martin, COLLINS, Richard y CROWTHER, Peter, “Regulating the BBC”, 6th World Media Economics Conference, Montréal, Canadá, 12-15 mayo, 2004.

COLLINS, Richard, GARNHAM, Nicholas y LOCSEY, Gareth, The Economics of Television. The UK case, Sage, London, 1998.

CONLAN, Tara, “Leaked BBC licence fee deal confirmed”, http://media.guardian.co.uk/bbc/story/0,,1993488,00.html, 2007, visitado 20-4-2007.

CHIGNELL, Hugh, BBC Handbooks, Accounts & Annual Reports (1927-2002), Microform Academic Publishers, Wakefield, 2003.

DAVIES, Gavyn, The Future Funding of the BBC: Report of the Independent Review Panel, DCMS, London, 1999.

DOWNES, Steven, “BBC Broadcast sold for £166m”, http://business.tiemsonline.co.uk/article/0,,9071-1671037,00.html, 2005, visitado 15-9-2005.

DOYLE, Gillian, Understanding Media Economics, Sage, London, 2002.

DOYLE, Gillian y BOOTH, David, “UK Television warms up for the biggest game yet: PayPer-View”, Media Culture & Society, vol. 19, nº 2, 1997, pp. 277-284.

EUROPEAN MEDIA BUSINESS & FINANCE, “Auntie Readies For Net Launch”, European Media Business & Finance, vol. 7, nº 11, 1997 p. 4.

EUROPEAN MEDIA BUSINESS & FINANCE, “BBC Shifts Focus from Sales to Blocks, Channels”, European Media Business & Finance, vol. 9, nº 5, 1999, p. 12.

FAUTH, Rebecca y otros, Willingness to Pay for the BBC during the next Charter period. A report prepared for the Department for Culture Media and Sport, The Work Foundation, London, 2006.

FRANKLIN, Bob (ed.), British Television Policy: a reader, Routledge, London and New York, 2001.

GIBBONS, Thomas, Regulating the media, 2nd edn., Sweet and Maxwell, London, 1998.

GIBSON, Owen, “BBC to foster online links with commercial rivals”, http://media.guardian.co.uk/site/story/0,14173,1346822,00.html, 2004, visitado 9-9-2004.

GONZÁLEZ ENCINAR, José Juan (ed.), La televisión pública en la Unión Europea, McGrawHill, Madrid, 1996.

GRAHAM, Andrew y otros, Public Purposes in Broadcasting. Funding the BBC, University of Luton Press, Luton, 1999.

GREEN PAPER (Cm 6474) “A Strong BBC, independent of the Government”, http://www.bbccharterreview.org.uk/have_your_say/green_paper/bbc_cr_greenpaper.pdf, 2005, visitado 6-4-2005.

GREEN, Damian, A Better BBC: Public Service Broadcasting in the ‘90s, Centre for Policy Studies, London, 1991.

HARGREAVES, Ian, Sharper Vision: The BBC and the Communications Revolution, Demos, London, 1993.

HINSLIFF, Gaby, “BBC’s rivals may share licence fee”, http://media.guardian.co.uk/bbc/story/0,,2015717,00.html, 2007, visitado 20-4-2007.

HOOD, Stuart (ed.), Behind the screens. The structure of British Television, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1999.

LOWE, Gregory Ferrell y HUJANEN, Taisto (eds.), Broadcasting & Convergence: New Articulations of the Public Service Remit, Nordicom, Göteborg, 2003.

PLUNKETT, John, “BBC plans for ‘ultra-local’ TV ‘threaten regional press’”, http://media.guardian.co.uk/presspublishing/story/0,7495,1531145,00.html, 2005, visitado 21-6-2005.

SIEMENS, “Siemens Business Services”, http://www.siemens.co.uk/sbsmedia, 2005, visitado 16-9-2005.

The Guardian, “BBC’s Eve finds a home at Haymarket”, 12-1-2005, p. 19.

TRYHORN, Chris, “Watchdog attacks BBC’s commercial arm”, http://media.guardian.co.uk/broadcast/story/0,7493,1510643,00.html, 2005, visitado 20-6-2005.

TV LICENSING, “Annual Review 2005-2006”, http://www.tvlicensing.co.uk/pdfs/AnnualReview_en2006.pdf?r_exit_link=d_pdf_download, 2006, visitado 20-4-2007.

TV LICENSING, “TV licensing information”, http://www.tvlicensing.co.uk/information/index.jsp, 2007, visitado 20-4-2007.

WHITE, Barry, “A fresh threat to the BBC”, Free Press, Journal of the Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom, nº 156, 2007, p. 3.

WHITE PAPER (Cm 6763), “A Public Service for all: the BBC in the digital age”, http://www.bbccharterreview.org.uk/have_your_say/white_paper/bbc_whitepaper_march06.pdf, 2006, visitado 17-9-2007.


Search GoogleScholar


Article Details