María Antonia Paz e-mail(Login required) , Julio Montero e-mail(Login required)

Main Article Content


María Antonia Paz e-mail(Login required)
Julio Montero e-mail(Login required)


This article analyses the use of the anticipation of the future by Spanish main TV networks in their news about Iraq Crisis until War started (February 24th to march 20th, 2003). A quantitative and qualitative analysis of the /prime time /news of the state network, TVE1, as well of those of two private networks, Telecinco and Antena 3, is developed. Style, sources and consequences that these references about events to come had on the general introduction of the crisis are analysed. It will be shown how television journalism employs, in this period and regarding this issue, premonitions and how many of them lacked of a real foundation. Its aim, in some cases, was keeping the interest on the issue with a sensationalist tone. In others, they introduced war as the only exit to the crisis.


Iraq crisis, Television news, Spain, Prophecies


ARPAN, Laura M. y PETERSON, Eric M., “Influence of Source Liking and Personality Traits on Perceptions of Bias and Future News Source Selection”, Media Psychology, vol. 11, 2008, pp. 310-329.

BARNHURST, Kevin G. y MUTZ, Diana, “American Journalism and the Decline in EventCentered Reporting”, Journal of Communication, vol. 47, nº 4, autumn 1997, pp. 27-52.

BELL, Allan, “News Time”, Time & Society, vol. 4, nº 3, 1995, pp. 305-328.

DAYAN, Daniel y KATZ, Elihu, La historia en directo. La retransmisión televisiva de los acontecimientos, Gustavo Gili, Barcelona, 1995.

DUNMIRE, Patricia, “Preempting the future: rhetoric and ideology of the future in political discourse”, Discourse Society, vol. 16, nº 4, 2005, pp. 481-513.

DURANDIN, Guy, La información, la desinformación y la realidad, Paidós, Barcelona, 1995.

FERNÁNDEZ BELTRÁN, Francisco y VILAR MORENO, Fernando, “La televisión española y la otra Guerra de Irak”, Chasqui, nº 82, 2003, pp. 46-53.

GARCÍA AVILÉS, José Alberto, “El infoentretenimiento en los informativos líderes de audiencia en la Unión Europea”, Anàlisi, 35, 2007, pp. 47-63.

JAWORSKI, Adam, FITZGERALD, Richard y MORRIS, Deborah, “Certainty and Speculation in News Reporting of the Future: the Execution of Timothy McVeigh”, Journalism, vol. 5, nº 2, 2003, pp. 183-202.

KITCH, Carolyn, Pages from the past history and memory in American Magazines, The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC, 2005.

LULE, Jack, “War and its Metaphors: News Language and the Prelude to War in Iraq”, Journalism Studies, vol. 5, nº 2, 2004, pp. 179-190.

NIEGER, Moti, “Media Oracles. The Cultural Significance and Political Import of News Referring to Future Events”, Journalism, vol. 8, 2007, pp. 309-321.

POSTMAN, Neil, Divertirse hasta morir: el discurso público en la era del show business, La Tempestad, Barcelona, 1991.

RICHARDSON, Kay y MEINHOF, Ulrike, Words in Common? Television Discourse in a Changing Europe, Routledge, London, 1999.

SALGADO LOSADA, Alejandro, “La credibilidad del presentador de programas informativos en televisión. Definición y cualidades constitutivas”, Comunicación y Sociedad, vol. XX, nº 1, 2007, pp. 145-180.

TERRY, Janice J., “Media and Lobbyist Support for the US Invasion of Iraq”, International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies, vol. 1, nº 1, 2007, pp. 27-39.

TUMBER, Howard y WEBSTE, Frank, Journalist under fire: information war and journalistic practice, Sage Publications, London, 2006.

ZELIZER, Barbie, “Journalism’s Memory Work”, en ERLL, Astrid, NÜNNING, Ansgar y YOUNG, Sara B. (eds.), Cultural memory Studies, Walter Gruyter, Berlin, New York, 2008, pp. 379-388.


Search GoogleScholar


Article Details